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中美公眾的轉基因態度差異及公眾質疑轉基因原因探析
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國家自然科學基金項目“中國轉基因玉米商業化市場前景及其經濟影響研究”(7157317)。


A Sino-US Attitude Comparison on GMO and Analysis of the Reason for Public Opposing GMO in China 
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    摘要:

    轉基因是世界范圍內的熱點話題,在中國這一爭論又變得更為復雜。本研究通過平行問卷調查的方式,對比了中美公眾對轉基因的態度差異。調查結果顯示:中國公眾自認為了解轉基因的僅為26%,低于美國的40%。只有17.8%的中國公眾認為轉基因食品是安全的,低于美國的39%。為了進一步分析中國公眾質疑轉基因的原因,研究梳理總結出14個轉基因負面傳言,涵蓋了食品安全、科技進步、環境保護、社會公平、政府透明、宗教信仰等多個方面。結果顯示:這些傳言在公眾中均具有一定的知曉度和認可度。其中,65.9%的公眾都認同傳言“很多大型國際活動(奧運會、世博會等)都禁止提供轉基因食品”,45.3%的公眾都認同傳言“美國孟山都公司毀滅中國大豆產業,轉基因是巨大的陰謀,是針對發展中國家的生物武器”。由此可見,轉基因爭論已經超出了科學范疇,不能單純依靠科學來回應公眾質疑,科學傳播的內容也需要進行“供給側改革”。

    Abstract:

    The debate around genetically modified organisms (GMO) is one of the worldwide hot topic and is becoming more complicated in China.The present study aims at analyzing the difference in attitudes to GMO technology and produce between Chinese and American citizens with survey data.The statistical results showed that only 26% of Chinese think they understand GMO technology,lower than 40% in United States and 17.8%% of Chinese think the GMO produce are safe to eat,in contrast to 39% in United States.To further analyze why the public is suspicious of GMO,the present study summarizes 14 negative rumors about GMO,covering several aspects such as food safety,technological innovation,environmental protection,social equality,clean government,nationalism and religious faith.The results showed that all of those rumors have acquired a considerable amount of popularity and public recognition.65.9% of the respondents agree with the rumor that providing GM foods to major international events such as Olympic Game and the World Expo is forbidden.45.3% of the respondents agree with the rumor that American Monsanto has destroyed the soybean industry in China and GM Foods is a huge conspiracy and biological weapon against the developing country.In light of this,it is challenging for scientific knowledge alone to mitigate the public distrust of GMO and science communication is also needed for supply-side reform.

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崔 凱,Sharon Shoemaker.中美公眾的轉基因態度差異及公眾質疑轉基因原因探析[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(06):155-159

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  • 在線發布日期: 2020-11-11
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