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家庭代際關系類型及其城鄉差異分析
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華中科技大學自主創新研究基金人文項目“代際互動對農村老年人健康狀況的影響研究”(2016AC042)。


Types of Intergenerational Relations of the Families and Its Differences Between Urban and Rural Areas
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    摘要:

    利用2016年中國老年社會追蹤調查(CLASS)數據,采用潛在類別分析方法,從家庭整體視角對老年人家庭代際關系類型及其城鄉差異進行了分析。結果顯示,家庭整體視角下三種代際關系類型(緊密型、贍養有間型和疏離型)的共同特點是子女均為父母提供了高頻的經濟與情感支持,代際空間距離的擴大是形成贍養有間型和疏離型的重要因素。代際關系類型具有顯著的城鄉差異,城市占主導是緊密型,農村占主導是贍養有間型。代際關系類型影響因素的分析結果顯示,無論城鄉,高齡老人與子女更有可能成為緊密型,患有慢性病的老年人更有可能與子女成為贍養有間型,失能以及喪偶的老年人不太可能與子女成為疏離型,兒子與女兒數目的增多顯著降低家庭成為緊密型的可能性;此外,結果還顯示老年人獨立住房的擁有增加了城市家庭成為緊密型的可能性,但是降低了農村家庭成為緊密型的可能性。

    Abstract:

    Based on the data from the China Longitudinal Ageing Social Survey conducted in 2016,using Latent Class Analysis,this study analyzes the urban-rural differences in the types of intergenerational relations from a whole family perspective.Results show that the common characteristics of the three types of intergenerational relations (tight-knit,support but distant,and detached) from the perspective of whole family are that children have provided their parents with high-frequency financial and emotional support,and the increasing space barrier between generations contributes to the formation of “support but distant” type and “detached” type.The relationship types have significant urban-rural differences with urban areas dominated by the type of tight-knit,and rural areas dominated by the type of support but distant.The results of the analysis on the determinant factors of intergenerational relationship types show that,in both urban and rural areas,the oldest old are more likely to form the tight-knit structure with their children,older adults with chronic diseases are more likely to go into support but distant type with their children,the disabled and widowed older adults are less likely to become detached from their children,and the possibility of family becoming the tight-knit type is quite low in terms of older adults with more number of sons and daughters.Moreover,older adults’ ownership of independent housing increases the possibility of urban families becoming the type of tight-knit,but reduces the possibility of rural families being such type.

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郭秋菊,謝婭婷,李樹茁.家庭代際關系類型及其城鄉差異分析[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(06):120-127

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  • 在線發布日期: 2020-11-11
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