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“認知稅”:一個理解持續貧困的新視角
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國家社會科學基金后期資助項目“大數據時代的貧困治理研究”(20F22B005)。


“Cognitive Tax”:A New Perspective for Understanding Persistent Poverty
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    摘要:

    “認知稅”實際上是一種隱喻,用以表述窮人受貧困情境的影響而在決策過程中所產生的短視化行為、被蒙昧的渴望和被錯失的良機,以及缺乏物質條件、社會支持和個人能力而消耗的額外認知資源?!罢J知稅”引發持續貧困的作用機理在于其會導致窮人過度關注稀缺資源,產生注意力偏向;過多不當認知,造成貧困戶的思維偏差,使其錯失脫貧致富良機;教育重視不足,引發貧困代際傳遞。由此,豐富貧困戶的認知資源,是擺脫貧困的首要選擇,這就要求轉變思維認知,實現認知消耗最小化;重視教育,阻斷貧困代際傳遞;拋棄貧困思維模式,簡化服務流程。

    Abstract:

    "Cognitive tax" is actually a metaphor to express the short-sighted behavior of the poor in the decision-making process,the obscured desire and missed opportunities caused by poverty,as well as the the additional cognitive resources consumed due to lack of material conditions and social support.The mechanism of "cognitive tax" triggering persistent poverty is that it will cause the poor to pay too much attention to scarce resources producing attention imbalance which results in lack of confidence and passion in life; too much improper cognition causes cognitive load and failure to catch opportunities to get rid of poverty and bring about affluency; insufficient emphasis on education causes intergenerational transmission of poverty.Therefore,enriching the cognitive resources of poor households is the first choice to get rid of poverty.This requires a change in thinking and cognition to minimize cognitive consumption.Meanwhile emphasis should be put on education to block the intergenerational transmission of poverty and abandon the poverty mindset and simplify services process.

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謝治菊,鐘金嫻.“認知稅”:一個理解持續貧困的新視角[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(06):87-93

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  • 在線發布日期: 2020-11-11
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