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農產品電商對小農戶有機銜接現代農業發展效率的影響研究
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教育部人文社會科學研究項目“基于深度學習的農產品電商風險預警與金融科技對策研究”(18YJC790016);江蘇省統計科學研究基地開放性課題“基于金融數據挖掘的小農戶電商參與行為及金融扶貧關聯分析”(NYTJ21810)。


Agricultural Products E-commerce’s Impact on Efficiency of Small-farmers with Organic Linkage to Modern Agricultural Development
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    摘要:

    隨著“互聯網+”現代農業的普及,小農戶通過參與農產品電商活動提升與現代農業發展有機銜接效率的機制逐漸形成?;?014-2019年江蘇、河北和山東等3個省份176個行政村2 744戶林果種植小農戶跟蹤調查,采用基于熵值的層次分析法構建小農戶和現代農業發展有機銜接三級效率指標體系,從發展能力、組織化程度、增收空間和社會化服務體系等4個方面設置13個微觀指標,建立雙重差分傾向得分匹配模型考察農產品電商行為對小農戶有機銜接現代農業發展效率的處理效應。實證結果表明,小農戶和現代農業發展有機銜接的綜合效率及發展能力、組織化程度、增收空間和社會化服務體系等細分效率均逐年提升且增速放緩;農產品電商對小農戶有機銜接現代農業發展的綜合效率具有積極提升作用,對組織化程度和社會化服務體系的影響較為顯著,對發展能力和增收空間的影響亟待更長周期的觀察。

    Abstract:

    With the popularization of Internet+ modern agriculture,the mechanism of small farmers’ promotion of organic link efficiency with modern agricultural development is gradually formed by participating in agricultural products e-commerce.This research followed 2744 small-scaled fruit growers from 176 administrative villages in Jiangsu,Hebei and Shandong Provinces during 2014 to 2019.A three-level evaluation system with 13 micro-indicators of four dimensions (development,organization,income space and socialized service) is constructed by entropy-based analytic hierarchy process to reveal the link efficiency between small farmers and modern agricultural development.Propensity Scoring Matching-Difference in Difference Model is built to confirm the treatment effects of agricultural products e-commerce activities on efficiency of the organic linkage.The empirical results show that the comprehensive link efficiency and its 4 secondary indicators increased by year with a slowing down pace.In addition,agricultural products e-commerce promoted small-farmers’ efficiency of organic linkage with Modern Agricultural Development,which has significant impact on organization and socialized service.The impact on development capacity and income growth space needs to be observed for a longer period.

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程欣煒,林樂芬.農產品電商對小農戶有機銜接現代農業發展效率的影響研究[J].華中農業大學學報(社科),2020,(06):37-47

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  • 在線發布日期: 2020-11-11
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